After four months of debate and compromise in the 1787 sweltering heat of Independence Hall, Publius published 77 essays in New York City newspapers to sell Americans on the idea of ratifying the new Constitution. It is the most enduring achievement of the Enlightenment, and under its decentralized structure, it has proven itself to be the example for human flourishing throughout the world.
About Mark Shupe
Mark Shupe is a contributing author at Center for Individualism. He is also an investment strategy advisor and fitness instructor. Mark studied economics and finance at the University of Notre Dame. His writing passion includes the history of Western Civilization, the moral case for Capitalism, and the promise of Individualism.
Entries by Mark Shupe
John Locke had a precise sense of what political freedom means. Natural law dictates that no one can be legitimately subject to the will of another person or group of people. Through reason, Locke proved that no one is born to serve or rule. Legitimate government protects these rights, and is created by the consent of the governed. As the Enlightenment flowered in the 18th century because of modern science and maritime trade, Locke’s sense of natural law was enshrined in America’s Declaration of Independence.
St. Thomas Aquinas combined the classical Greek ideal of reason with the Christian ideal of equality to usher the Catholic Church, and humanity, into the Age of Reason. Metaphorically, he invented water – what we know as the Western ideals of personal liberty, self-reliance, invention, tolerance, and limited government. The ensuing prosperity from human creativity is Poetic Justice.
Ayn Rand is one of the most admired and reviled characters in 20th century literature. Her magnum opus novel, Atlas Shrugged was panned by conservatives and progressives alike, yet it had something for everyone. A strong female lead character, a pollution free motor, heroic characters, good and evil, a love story, and a thriller. It was a manifesto for Man’s right to life, liberty and property – capitalism. A modern epic tale of America’s Declaration of Independence, a prophecy of a dystopian future, and the recipe to avoid what actually happened to her native Russia.
In the wake of recent sell-off in US and global stock markets there is no shortage of economists and financial analysts with opinions about what happened, why it happened, and what’s going to happen. None of them have any personal stake in the financial well-being of their audience, and many exist only to add to the confusion. To have confidence as investor, understanding the nature of markets is essential.
“The most important period of life is from birth to age six.” This quote from Maria Montessori underscores how essential it is for a young child to have engaged parents who live a life of reason, purpose, and pride. Our government schools and public universities are graduating too many future parents who have never heard of this, and eventually rely on these same schools to also act as parents. It has been going on for 50 years. It has to end.
Booker T. Washington was an advisor to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Taft, his autobiography, Up From Slavery, was a national bestseller, his Tuskegee University producers scientists such as George Washington Carver, and with Andrew Carnegie, he founded America’s first national business network. However is story is largely unknown as its been ignored by progressive public education establishment because Booker was a champion of individualism.
Lets just keep it simple. The Earth has stopped warming, at least for now. The outer atmosphere is getting cooler, and not because of CO2 and bovine flatulence. For today’s globalist political elites to claim that global warming threatens developing regions the most is nothing but political pandering.
The Swedish country parson, Anders Chydenius, is a relatively unknown giant among Enlightenment philosophers, economists, and inventors. His ideas written in the 1765 pamphlet, The National Gain, fueled the Swedish economic miracle from 1850-1950, and predated Adam Smith’s Wealth of Nations. Thanks to Chydenius, Sweden was the first country in the world to adopt freedom of the press, 25 years before America’s 1st Amendment, cementing economic freedom and political freedom as the co-dependent variables for human flourishing.
Apparently the most financially and ethically bankrupt regions of America are high-output and forward looking populations centers that deserve greater political power. The Brookings Institute is using GDP data and Bachelor Degrees to justify their attack on the US Constitution. They refuse to acknowledge that it is the American federalist system that is fundamental to peaceful human progress.
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